Electricity access in Mozambique: A critical policy analysis of investment, service reliability and social sustainability

Mozambique is a resource-rich energy hub, yet rural community access to electricity remains low, and urban centres suffer poor service quality. Aging transmission infrastructure, consumer growth, erratic generation, and extreme weather events exacerbate power cuts and oscillations that disrupt household activities and damage appliances.

Through qualitative critical policy analysis of household and public/private stakeholder interviews in the four largest cities of Mozambique (Maputo, Matola, Beira and Nampula) we assess diverse perspectives on reliability, affordability, and investment/revenue-raising to meet SDG7 to provide clean, modern energy services for all.

Daniela Salite, Joshua Kirshner, Matthew Cotton, Lorraine Howe, Boaventura Cuamba, João Feijó Amélia, Zefanias Macome